Now on view!

Oak Saw Horses, c. 1910 Gustav Stickley, The Craftsman Workshop,

Oak Saw Horses, c. 1910

Now on view in the Log House! Produced by Stickley’s Craftsman Workshops and custom made for Craftsman Farms, these two oak saw horses, c. 1910, supported a collapsible table which the family used during social events and other large parties.

Currently they can be seen on tours of the Log House on the front porch.

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“Stoddard, Durant and the Great Camps of the Gilded Age”

2012-06-05_09-06-26_960In looking toward the Farms Afield summer retreat to Great Camp Sagamore, the Stickley Museum is excited to welcome a visit and lecture, Sunday, March 10, from the site’s Assistant Director, Jeffrey Flagg.

Great Camp SagamoreFlagg’s presentation, entitled “Stoddard, Durant and the Great Camps of the Gilded Age,” will primarily focus on the history of Great Camp Sagamore which, built in 1897, was the wilderness retreat of the Alfred G. Vanderbilt family from 1901-1954 and is now a National Historic Landmark. Flagg will establish Sagamore’s context within the era of Great Camps and discuss the contributions of William West Durant, who as Flagg states “is widely considered to be the father of what is now commonly referred to as ‘Adirondack Rustic’ architecture.”

Flagg continues, “In 1898, as part of the effort to promote his development plans for the central Adirondack region, Durant hired well-known Adirondack photographer Seneca Ray Stoddard to take a collection of photos of Sagamore, which were complied into an elaborate photo album.”  Stoddard’s photos will be featured in Flagg’s presentation.

Jeffrey Flagg is the Assistant Director of Programs and Marketing at Great Camp Sagamore, located in Raquette Lake, NY. He earned his Ph.D. in American Culture Studies at Bowling Green University, with an academic focus on environmental history and ethics. His dissertation traces the evolution of a comprehensive land ethic in the Adirondack State Park, which led him to Sagamore following his graduation in 1999. At Sagamore, Dr. Flagg has developed a variety of academic programs centered on Adirondack history and culture, for groups ranging from elementary pupils to graduate students, and from high school teachers to Elderhostel participants.

The lecture will be held in the Education Room at the Stickley Museum at 6:00 p.m. on Sunday, March 10, with a reception to follow.

Join us for Jeffrey Flagg’s lecture and learn more about this summer’s Farms Afield to Great Camp Sagamore.  We hope to see you there!

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Save the Stone Piers!

Field thru stone piersold

In building Craftsman Farms, Gustav Stickley utilized local materials extensively, including the local fieldstone.  All gathered from the property, this fieldstone now makes up building foundations, chimneys, and fences, as well as a series of stone piers that lined the road through the vegetable gardens.  As seen in the above photo, the piers were designed as planters for English Ivy to provide year-round greenery on the property.  After 100 years of weather and exposure to the elements, the surviving stone piers are now in desperate need of repair.

DONATE

What can be done to save them?

pier sketchAs we begin the next phase of returning Craftsman Farms to its original beauty, a detailed restoration plan has been developed to rebuild the piers, to their Stickley era appearance. The plan, which is summarized in the drawing below left, was developed within the guidelines of Museum’s Historic Site Master Plan and meets or exceeds the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Historic Preservation Projects. Storms have badly damaged the already deteriorating piers and now water makes its way between the joints with every rainfall. Time is of the essence to save these piers and maintain the authenticity pier sketch interiorof Craftsman Farms. Each pier will be carefully disassembled, each stone numbered and each one’s original location noted on a map of the pier’s construction. Sturdy below ground construction and interior drainage will be installed so that the piers can withstand the elements. The exterior of the piers will then be carefully rebuilt placing each original stone back to its original location. The historical accuracy of using the stones that were dug on the property more than 100 years ago and placing them exactly as they were when Gustav Stickley lived here will maintain the treasured authenticity of Craftsman Farms. Approximately $36,000 to $40,000 is needed to complete the entire project including upgrading the surrounding landscape and ensuring its upkeep in the future.

The Stone Piers in 2008 – some deterioration is evident.

BLOGtwo piers 2008BLOGpier 2008

The Stone Piers in 2013 – the deterioration has continued.

Within the last five years many stones have broken away and now litter the ground.

BLOGpier 1 2013BLOGpier 2 2013

 

Where are the piers located?

map sketch

 

How can you help?

A gift of $36,000 or more will complete the entire project and the donor’s name will appear on a permanent plaque.

A gift of $9,000 will complete one pier and the donors’ names will be highlighted on plaque for one year.

Gifts of $1,000 to $8,999 will help begin the project and the donors’ names will be listed on a plaque for one year.

Gifts of $100 to $999 will make a difference and the donors’ names will be listed in the newsletter.

Gifts of any size will make a difference and are greatly appreciated!

 Will you donate now?

DONATE

For more information about this project or how you can help, contact executive director Heather Stivison at 973.540.0311 or hstivison@stickleymuseum.org.

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Stickley Style: Winter 1913

Vignette in the exhibition Styling an American Family: THe 1910s at Gustav Stickley's Craftsman Farms. Photo by Stephen Sartori.

Vignette in the exhibition Styling an American Family: The 1910s at Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman Farms. Photo by Stephen Sartori.

 

As we approach the last weekend for the Styling an American Family exhibition at Craftsman Farms, we present one last installment of our virtual tour.  The exhibition continues on the second floor of the Log House where we will make two stops.

Our first stop is in the Girls’ Bedroom, where after a department store shopping spree in New York City, a young lady helps her friend into a new evening dress (black was the favored color for formal dinners).

This bedroom was shared by four of the five Stickley daughters: Mildred, Marion, Hazel and Ruth, who ranged in age from 23 to 13.  Eldest daughter Barbara, 24, married Ben Wiles, then circulation director for The Craftsman magazine, in October 1911.  They lived in a cottage on Craftsman Farms.

New York City was the fashion capital of the United States, much as it is today.  The stretch of 6th and 5th avenues running north from 14th Street to 57th Street was known as the Ladies Mile, with hundreds of shops specializing in dresses, hats, gloves, undergarments, perfumes and jewelry.  The largest women’s department stores in the world were there and several from the time still exist: Lord & Taylor, Saks, Henri Bendel and Macy’s.  In an essay titled “The Stickley Family at Craftsman Farms,” in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman Farms: A Pictorial History, David Cathers wrote that “by all accounts (Barbara) loved the city and, like her father, spent many evenings at the theater.”

Craftsman Farms Show Styling an American Family

LEFT: Day Dress. Blue linen embroidered with multicolored motifs, c. 1912. CENTER: Evening Gown. Black silk satin overlaid with black embroidered net, c. 1912. RIGHT: Lingerie Dress. White lawn cotton with insertion lace, c. 1910.  Photo by Stephen Sartori.

Tennis/Day Dress. Light blue linen with white embroidery, c. 1912.

Tennis/Day Dress. Light blue linen with white embroidery, c. 1912.

Shirtwaist Blouse and Walking Skirt.  Low neck cream lace shirtwaist blouse; cream cotton wide wale corduroy, c. 1913.

Shirtwaist Blouse and Walking Skirt. Low neck cream lace shirtwaist blouse; cream cotton wide wale corduroy, c. 1913.

Though many still opted for handmade garments, manufactured clothing offered broad choices at prices for most economic levels.  Under garments were chosen for the outfit under which they would be worn.  The basic layering started with a camisole followed by a corset, then a full-length slip or ‘combination’ (a slip with legs), at least one petticoat, then the

Gustav Stickley Jr. and unknown woman. Craftsman Farms Foundation.

Gustav Jr. and unknown woman holding tennis rackets. Craftsman Farms Foundation.

Marion Stickley, probably at the Farms, c. 1914. Craftsman Farms Foundation.

Marion Stickley, probably at the Farms, c. 1914. Craftsman Farms Foundation.

dress or ensemble.

Fashion options abounded for women of this time.  Women and girls were leading increasingly more active lives as sports like basketball, tennis, skating and motoring gained popularity and were no longer considered improper activities.   So women’s clothing became less restrictive and more functional.  David Cathers notes about Stickley’s daughters that they are all “remembered for their lively sense of humor, but Marion’s was perhaps the liveliest.”   Marion particularly liked to drive, and often picked her father up from the train station.

Across the hall in the Master Bedroom are two young ladies with their mother and a housemaid, finishing the packing details for a winter cruise to a warm locale.  This vignette is inspired by a trip Mrs. Stickley and two of her daughters made to Bermuda in 1913.  Much like sending the family to the cool mountains in the summer, as the Stickleys also enjoyed, traveling to a warm locale to escape winter was a part of upper middle class life.

Vignette in the exhibition Styling an American Family. Travel (1913).  Photo by Stephen Sartori. LEFT: Day Suit.  Tan linen embroidered with soutache braid and tapestry trim, c. 1913.  Shirtwaist Blouse.  Cream cotton and cream lace, c. 1913.  Mushroom Hat. Black beaver fur felt trimmed with black and cranberry ostrich plumes, c. 1913.  CENTER: Day Suit.  Cream wool three-piece suit, c. 1913.  Picture Hat. Cream wool felt trimmed with cream silk satin, c. 1913.  RIGHT: Cocoon Coat. Cream wool with gray fur trim and white silk tassels, c. 1913.  Walking Skirt. Black wool trimmed with large button detail, c. 1913.  Picture Hat. Black beaver fur trimmed with black and brown ostrich plumes, c. 1913.

Vignette in the exhibition Styling an American Family. Travel (1913). Photo by Stephen Sartori. LEFT: Day Suit. Tan linen embroidered with soutache braid and tapestry trim, c. 1913. Shirtwaist Blouse. Cream cotton and cream lace, c. 1913. Mushroom Hat. Black beaver fur felt trimmed with black and cranberry ostrich plumes, c. 1913. CENTER: Day Suit. Cream wool three-piece suit, c. 1913. Picture Hat. Cream wool felt trimmed with cream silk satin, c. 1913. RIGHT: Cocoon Coat. Cream wool with gray fur trim and white silk tassels, c. 1913. Walking Skirt. Black wool trimmed with large button detail, c. 1913. Picture Hat. Black beaver fur trimmed with black and brown ostrich plumes, c. 1913.

Bermuda, 1913.  Craftsman Farms Foundation.

The Stickley girls in Bermuda, 1913. Craftsman Farms Foundation.

 

Dressing for travel meant packing a wardrobe of formal clothing appropriate to being seen in public at any time of day or night.  Social conformity required different costumes for morning, afternoon and evening.  Since a great volume of clothing was required, packing required trunks.  The cleverest trunks had sections for clothing on hangers as well as drawers for smaller items.  For each woman, a minimum of two trunks was typically needed for a trip of a week or less.

The mother and her daughters are dressed for winter but the clothing being packed is for spring and summer.

Maid's Uniform.  Commercially made of black cotton with separate white collar, c. 1911.

Maid’s Uniform. Commercially made of black cotton with separate white collar, c. 1911.

The housemaid in the vignette is signified by her simple all-black dress with no apron.  She would have worn an apron while cleaning.  Packing would have been the maid’s responsibility.  The women would choose the clothing they wanted to take and the housemaid would see that it was cleaned, ironed and packed in an orderly way.

Styling an American Family: The 1910s at Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman Farms is an exhibition of historic fashions from Syracuse University’s Sue Ann Genet Costume Collection.  The exhibition, on view through January 6, 2013, consists of 35 mannequins in historic period dress arranged in 9 environmental vignettes that illustrate some of the emblematic everyday activities and pursuits of an upper middle class American family in the 1910s, giving visitors the unique opportunity to view the human form within Gustav Stickley’s architectural masterpiece.

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After the Dance, 1914

Vignette in the Exhibition, Styling an American Family, After the Dance.  Historic fashions from Syracuse University's Sue Ann Genet Costume Collection/.  Photo by Stephen Sartori.

Vignette in the Exhibition, Styling an American Family, “After the Dance, 1914.”  Historic fashions from Syracuse University’s Sue Ann Genet Costume Collection.  Photo by Stephen Sartori.

This weekend, as many of us will be attending or planning holiday parties, spending time with family and friends, and generally making merry, we’ll stop to take a look at the vignette in the Styling an American Family exhibition titled “After the Dance.”  At the south end of the dining room, five young ladies are dressed for a formal night out dancing in 1914.  They have returned home, after the dance, rolled up the carpet and brought out the Victrola to continue the festivities into the morning hours.

Going to dances was extremely popular, as it allowed young men and women to socialize directly.  It also allowed time for married couples to catch up with friends and acquaintances.  Dances were the place to hear favorite musical pieces, learn about current popular music, and learn all the latest dances, which were promoted by the exhibition dance couple Vernon and Irene Castle.

Dances could be accomplished with 25 couples or less, a cleared space with a bare wood floor suitable for dancing, a small buffet supper and piano accompaniment.  A dance started earliest at 9:30 pm and rarely lasted past 1:00 am.  Dances were held in peoples’ homes but were also produced as benefits in public spaces like hospital halls or for profit in hotel parlors.  By contrast, a ball was the largest and most formal of dances, requiring well over 25 couples, a grand space, a full orchestra and a dinner of several courses.  Balls started at 10:30pm at the earliest and lasted until 3 or 4am.

A young woman was accompanied to a public dance by her mother, grandmother or unmarried aunt to act as chaperone. At someone’s home, chaperones were unnecessary, since the matron of the house was considered an appropriate chaperone for the group.  A chaperone was not just the guardian of a young lady’s virtue.  If her ward was shy, it was the chaperone’s task to make sure the younger woman was introduced to other young people and to keep her involved in the evening.  An outgoing young woman needn’t stay by her chaperone’s side, but should check back with her periodically throughout the evening.  Dancing provided young people with some of the only ‘alone time’ they were allowed in public.  Having a dance with a friend or crush offered a few minutes of intimate time without the chaperone directly by a young lady’s side.

The hostess of the dance stood at the entrance to the dance space to receive each guest until the dancing started.  If the dance were thrown in someone’s honor, the honoree would stand and receive with the hostess.  The hostess was expected to look out for shy and unattended girls, make them feel welcome and see that they were included.

Dance card for a party held at Craftsman Farms, June 26, 1912.  Gustav Stickley's shopmark, a joiner's compass with the motto "Als ik Kan" appears on Marion's dance card.  Photo courtesy of Craftsman Farms Foudation.

Dance card for a party held at Craftsman Farms, June 26, 1912. Gustav Stickley’s shopmark, a joiner’s compass with the motto “Als ik Kan” appears on Marion’s dance card.  Photo courtesy of Craftsman Farms Foundation.

Each attendee, female as well as male, was issued a dance card, usually a small booklet with a tiny attached pencil. The dance card listed the dances for the evening (two-steps, waltzes and fox-trots were very popular) and it was a young man’s pleasure to ask young ladies to place their names on a specific dance for the evening, and he would place her name on the same dance on his dance card.  It was a snub for either partner to miss a dance. It was also bad form to dance with the same person more than twice unless they were engaged to be married.

Evening dress was the most formal dress of the day and could also be the most colorful. Sleeve lengths could go as high as the shoulder and necklines could drop. Hemlines were as high as the ankle for ease of movement.  In the evening, a young woman could wear colorful gowns with a little sparkle and minimal jewelry but not enough to be accused of luring men inappropriately.  Married women could wear as much jewelry and sparkle as they pleased.

LEFT: Dance Dress.  Pink silk taffeta warp print pink silk taffeta underskirt, c. 1914.  RIGHT: Dance dress. White silk satin warp print panels over cream silk net, c. 1914.

LEFT: Dance dress. Pink silk taffeta warp print pink silk taffeta underskirt, c. 1914. RIGHT: Dance dress. White silk satin warp print panels over cream silk net, c. 1914.  Photo by Kristen McCauley.

Dance dress. Lavender marquisette over cream silk taffeta, mint silk taffeta sash, c. 1914.  Photo by Stephen Sartori

Dance dress. Lavender marquisette over cream silk taffeta, mint silk taffeta sash, c. 1914. Photo by Stephen Sartori.

Dance dress. Light green silk chiffon  over pleated china silk trimmed with bands of satin ribbon, c. 1914.  photo by Stephen Sartori.

Dance dress. Light green silk chiffon over pleated china silk trimmed with bands of satin ribbon, c. 1914. photo by Stephen Sartori.

Evening and dance dresses followed fashion in 1914 with fuller skirts, lowers necklines and raised hems to show off all the fancy footwork of the latest dances.  Their soft, bright colors took inspiration from the costumes of the Russian Ballet, making the dresses look like fairytale creations.  Dance dresses were often altered so one would never wear the same dress twice.  Girls would change necklines, add ribbons or lace, and make other alterations at home to constantly update their dance attire.  Long spill curls, like we see here were popularized by the actress Mary Pickford.

During dances at Craftsman Farms, as well as weddings, receptions and teas, the dining room would have been in active use.  It was fashionable to serve light meals buffet-style for these occasions.  The Stickley’s sideboard would have been utilized for the display and serving of food, such as salads (aspics), bonbons, cake, sandwiches and finger foods like nuts and dried fruits.  The dining table would have been used to serve drinks such as wines, punch, lemonade and coffee.  Rather than eating at the dining table, food was eaten at drop-leaf tables, folding tables or the makeshift sawhorse tables Mr. Stickley had made for parties and gatherings.

Dressing rooms were often provided for both male and female attendees with servants to watch over garments and help keep the spaces tidy.  Dressing rooms allowed women and men to leave behind wraps, coats, hats, etc. and could be stocked with light drinks, like sparkling water, for refreshment.

Dance dress. Coral pink silk satin with silk net overlay, c. 1914.  Phonograph on loan from Trustee Ray Stubblebine.

Dance dress. Coral pink silk satin with silk net overlay, c. 1914. Phonograph on loan from Trustee Ray Stubblebine. Photo by Kristen McCauley

Popular songs of the day included, Glow Worm, The Green Grass Grew All Around and Shine On Harvest Moon.  The advent of the Victrola made it possible to have music in the home without a live band or someone at the piano.  The phonograph on display here was extremely modern for the time for two reasons: most recorded music was still on wax cylinders and most players still used large amplification horns.  The doors on the front of this unit control the volume.  This was probably considered a portable model.

Styling an American Family: The 1910s at Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman Farms is an exhibition of historic fashions from Syracuse University’s Sue Ann Genet Costume Collection.  The exhibition, on view through January 6, 2013, consists of 35 mannequins in historic period dress arranged in 9 environmental vignettes that illustrate some of the emblematic everyday activities and pursuits of an upper middle class American family in the 1910s, giving visitors the unique opportunity to view the human form within Gustav Stickley’s architectural masterpiece.

 

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Holiday Wishes from Our House to Yours

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A Casual Evening at Home, Fall 1910

We continue our virtual tour of the Styling an American Family exhibition with a casual evening at home in the fall of 1910.

At the north end of the living room, gathered around the hearth, are four young women involved in recreation for a very casual evening at home, wearing shirtwaists and walking skirts, the representative casual outfit of the Progressive Era.

Vignette in the exhibition: Styling an American Family: The 1910s at Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman Farms. Photo by Stephen Sartori

The term ‘waist’ refers to the part of the garment from the waist up (now called a bodice).  One could have evening waists, day waists, or in this case a ‘waist’ styled after a man’s dress shirt and referred to as a ‘Shirtwaist’.  They were mass-produced and could be as inexpensive as fifty cents, were easy to wear with a separate colored walking skirt and easily laundered.  The shirtwaist could be worn with a skirt for morning and afternoon wear and was appropriate for staying home.  With the addition of a jacket to match the skirt, this outfit was appropriate for shopping, running errands and casual visiting.  Skirts worn with shirtwaists were called walking skirts because they were ankle length, making it unnecessary to hold the skirt up when walking, as one would do with a formal, floor-length skirt.

The trend toward shirtwaists and skirts took off in the 1890’s when this simple, functional outfit became the standard for young working women.  Jobs as shop and office clerks, typewriters (later called typists) and telephone operators required freedom of movement and clothing that was easy to care for.

The Living Room scene we are looking at today is set with games and books of the period. Card games like whist, gin rummy and bridge were hugely popular, board games were becoming more popular and reading was a primary diversion for free time.  Needlework, knitting and crocheting were all popular functional pastimes.

Shirtwaist blouse and walking skirt, c. 1910. Photo by Stephen Sartori.

Seated on Mr. Stickley’s one-of-a-kind, high-back, leather settle (c. 1902) a young girl has put down her knitting and picked up Louisa May Alcott’s Under the Lilacs (1878).  She wears a white cotton long sleeved shirtwaist blouse with separate starched collar and a black wool walking skirt, c. 1910.

Popular books of 1909-10 included Anne of Avonlea (sequel to Anne of Green Gables) by L.M. Montgomery; Ethan Fromme, by Edith Wharton; Howards End, by E.M. Forster; The Golden Bowl, by Henry James; Three Lives, by Gertrude Stein; The Selected Poetry of Rainer Maria Rilke; Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens (the prequel to Peter and Wendy, now known as Peter Pan) by J.M. Barrie; The Emerald City of Oz (book #5 in the series), by L. Frank Baum and The Tale of the Flopsy Bunnies, by Beatrix Potter.

In front of the fireplace, we interrupt a friendly game of cards.  A young woman in a white embroidered shirtwaist blouse and taupe wool walking skirt (c. 1910) helps up her friend, who wears a white cotton long sleeved shirtwaist blouse and red wool jumper with soutache trim, c. 1910.

Vignette in the exhibition: Styling an American Family. Photo by Stephen Sartori.

Shirtwaist blouse and walking skirt, c. 1910. Oak fall-front desk, Craftsman Workshops c. 1903. Photo by Stephen Sartori.

To the right of the fireplace, by the c.1903 oak fall-front ladies desk, a young woman takes a break from writing letters with a hammered copper Craftsman Workshops desk set.  She is wearing a white cotton shirtwaist blouse with blue couching and a black silk taffeta walking skirt, c. 1910.

Styling an American Family: The 1910s at Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman Farms is an exhibition of historic fashions from Syracuse University’s Sue Ann Genet Costume Collection.  The exhibition consists of 35 mannequins in period dress arranged in 9 environmental vignettes that illustrate some of the emblematic everyday activities and pursuits of an upper middle class American family in the 1910s, giving visitors the unique opportunity to view the human form within Gustav Stickley’s architectural masterpiece.

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Visiting and Receiving (Late Summer, 1911-12)

Part 2 of our virtual tour of the Styling an American Family Exhibition takes a look at the fashions and customs associated with visiting and receiving visitors in 1911 and 1912.

Visiting Ladies. Vignette in the exhibition: Styling an American Family: The 1910s at Gustav Stickley's Craftsman Farms. Fashions from the Sue Ann Genet Costume Collection, Syracuse University.Photo by Stephen Sartori.

Receiving visitors. Vignette in the exhibition: Styling an American Family: The 1910s at Gustav Stickley's Craftsman Farms. Fashions from the Sue Ann Genet Costume Collection, Syracuse university. Photo by Stephen Sartori.

Entering the Log House from the front porch brings us into the living room where, grouped around Mr. Stickley’s hexagonal library table, we see a hostess and her daughter and three visitors who have come for a ‘formal call’.

Etiquette for visiting and receiving, if one were to follow all the rules, was extremely elaborate.  Here, we can only scratch the surface of early 20th century customs, but you’ll quickly see that social interaction was very different.

Moreover, the way men and women socialized differed significantly a century ago.  On a day-to-day basis, men generally made friends with business associates and members of the many clubs of which they were members.  Membership in various men’s clubs was viewed as a necessary extension of business.  A wife was, above all else, a representative of her husband; she was expected to be socially inclusive of the wives and families of their husband’s friends and associates.

Day Dress. Plum ribbed silk faille with chemical lace detailing; c. 1911. Oversized Straw Hat: Tan straw; c. 1911. Parasol: Plum and cream cotton sateen with oak handle; c. 1911.

The primary social interaction for ladies, other than letter or note writing, was calling or visiting.  The purpose was to trade news of the family and life in general.  Though it surely happened, it was considered improper to gossip when visiting.

In the days when the phone was still a relative novelty, a woman visited with friends and acquaintances at home, either hers or theirs, for specified amounts of time.  The length of a call was strictly dictated and it was bad form to stray beyond the time allotted.  Fifteen minutes was considered the standard amount of time to say hello, exchange pleasantries and news and make a graceful exit.  Less time was considered rude and more was a drain on the hostess’s good graces unless you were a close friend.  Even then, 45 minutes was the accepted maximum.

A woman would receive visitors during her weekly or bi-weekly day-at-home.  At the beginning of a social season, of which there were two, winter and summer, the lady of the house sent her visiting card to friends and acquaintances, specifying her day-at-home either weekly or bi-weekly.  Such an announcement would bind the issuer to be at home to receive visitors on those days at that time to receive guests.

When observing a standard day-at-home, a hostess was not expected to offer refreshment, but many often did.  Refreshment could include tea or hot chocolate or punch and cakes or light sandwiches.  However, if the hostess had sent out her visiting cards specifically noting: Tea, Thursday, 2-4pm., for example, the “tea” would be more formal, along the lines of British afternoon tea.  It was always the hostess’s duty to give each visitor some special attention and bring the latest arrivals into the conversation with those already in the room.

Day Dress: Pale yellow ribbed silk with china silk front, c. 1911. Mushroom Hat: Cream cotton netting poufs over hat wire frame, c. 1911. Parasol: White embroidered cotton with oak handle, c. 1911.

Much of the customs around visiting and receiving depended upon which person made the first call during a social season.  It was expected that anyone receiving a visiting card at the beginning of a season would make the first call to visit within two weeks.  If a woman could not meet the obligation within this time, it was necessary for her to send a note with an acceptable excuse and say when she would be able to visit.  Once a visit was made, and a visitor’s card was received, the hostess was then responsible for making a return call as soon as possible within two weeks time.  Once a return call was made, the social obligation was fulfilled and no further visits were necessary.  First calls and return calls were considered formal calls since they were part of social season etiquette.

Friendly calls were made by established friends and acquaintances and could happen during day-at-home hours or on other days during daylight.  It was not considered rude to drop in on a friend or acquaintance, provided that it was not during mealtime, but a visitor took the chance of finding the lady of the house away or too busy to come to the door.  If the lady was indeed at home but busy, she was required to offer apologies in person.  In each case the visitor would leave a visiting card so her friend would know she had stopped by, much the way we leave voicemails for people today.  The lady of the house was then expected to make a return visit within two weeks.

Except in certain situations, not returning a visit was considered a social snub.  However, if a friend brought other friends to visit whom the hostess had not met before, the hostess was not required to pay them a return call.  It also would have been the responsibility of the friend to ask permission to bring her friends prior to the visit.  If, however, the hostess had found the friends worthy of becoming acquaintances, she could make a return visit to them at her leisure.

It was always customary to leave a visiting card for the hostess after a visit.  A visiting card was a small, rectangular piece of fine heavyweight paper that contained the printed name of its barer in plain, readable script.  It had no other information on it.  A married woman always carried her own cards as well as her husband’s.  A mother with daughters who had been presented at their coming-out balls would also carry large ‘double cards’ (so named because they were nearly twice the size of a standard visiting card).  A married woman’s visiting card presented her as Mrs. John J. Payne, never using her first name.  A young lady’s visiting card would give her full name with, or without “Miss”.

Day Dress: Dark lilac printed silk decorated with chain stitch embroidery, c. 1911. Picture Hat: Gray straw trimmed with ivory lace and gray ostrich plumes, c. 1911.

When visiting the home of a friend or acquaintance, visiting cards were never handed to the lady of the house upon arrival, but instead were left on a tray or in a bowl near the front door on the way out.  It was customary to leave a card for each person one had visited, plus one for the man of the house.  If Mildred, Marion and Hazel Stickley had been home to entertain visitors with their mother during her day-at-home,

a visitor would have left five cards: one each for the four women, plus one for Mr. Stickley, even though he was not at home.  If a visitor were married, she would leave the same number of her husband’s cards in his absence, since a wife was, of course, a representative of her husband.

Visiting cards left as a courtesy for a husband didn’t require him to return a visit to a lady, however it implied he ought to communicate with the visitor’s husband within a reasonable time.  Since many of a wife’s visitors were wives of his friends and business associates, a casual but pointed comment was enough for both men to know their wives had been in contact, i.e.: “Mrs. Tilly mentioned to Mrs. Finch that you were under the weather earlier this week.  I pray you are feeling better.” Men would return the calls of male friends at their own discretion.

Visiting cards could act as a means of introduction in a person’s absence.  Let’s say June Tilly and Gertrude Finch were good friends in Syracuse.  Gertrude knew the Stickleys but June did not. Gertrude recommends that June meet the Stickleys while visiting relatives in Morristown.  By writing “Introducing Miss June Tilly” on her own visiting card, Gertrude would guarantee June a warm reception during Mrs. Stickley’s day-at-home.

Visiting cards indicated the status of a widow or widower by use of a black border. The more recent the death, the wider the border, starting at 1/8” thick and decreasing slightly every six months until only a fine line remained. The black border would remain on visiting cards until a woman or man remarried or passed away.

As with black mourning dress, visiting cards indicated the status of a widow or widower by use of a black border.  The more recent the death, the wider the border, starting at 1/8” thick and decreasing slightly every six months until only a fine line remained.  For dress, the minimum period of mourning for a widow was one year, but the black border would remain on visiting cards until a woman or man remarried or passed away.  Visiting cards with colors or images were available but were frowned upon by the upper middle class and the wealthy.

Leaving a card was most important if a visitor dropped by for a ‘chance call’.  If the person she was hoping to visit was not home, the visiting card she left served as a message that she had been there.

The hostess and her daughter dressed to receive visitors. Photo by Stephen Sartori. Click to zoom.

Dress for receiving and visiting, like everything else, was tightly prescribed.  Our hostess wears a brown silk day dress trimmed with brown silk velvet.  Although this dress is from 1911, the silhouette reflects an adherence to earlier styles.  The older woman, in any situation, dressed of her own taste and was not concerned with being fashionably ‘of the moment.’  The young women receiving guests with her mother wears a more fashionable ensemble with a short train; a pale lilac silk reception dress with chiffon overlay from 1912.  The hostess was not required to wear gloves or a hat, since she was in her own home.

When visiting, a woman would wear a visiting outfit proper for the time of day and season, generally a reception gown with no train, or a suit of matched jacket and skirt with a shirtwaist or blouse, and coordinating hat and gloves and a parasol, if needed for sun protection.  Here, the three ladies visiting are wearing day dresses suitable for an afternoon visit in the late summertime.  On the left, she wears a day dress of plum ribbed silk faille with chemical lace detailing (c. 1911) and an oversize tan straw hat, and carries a plum and cream cotton sateen parasol with oak handle.  In the middle, she wears a day dress in pale yellow ribbed silk with a china silk front (c. 1911) and a cream cotton mushroom hat, and carries a white embroidered cotton parasol with oak handle.  On the right, a day dress in dark lilac printed silk decorated with chain stitch embroidery (c. 1911), and a picture hat of grey straw trimmed with ivory lace and gray ostrich plumes (c.1910).

Coats, dusters, parasols and umbrellas were left in the front hall of her destination, but during the visit, hat, gloves and suit jacket were rarely removed.  If the room was warm and the hostess offered it, a visitor was allowed to remove her jacket.  If soft finger food, like cake, was offered, one glove could be removed while eating, then quietly replaced.  A gentleman caller removed his gloves and hat, but would never remove his jacket.

By the 1950’s the elaborate process of calling or visiting had all but disappeared as social strictures loosened, home telephones became the norm and women entered the workforce in ever increasing numbers.

Styling an American Family is on view at The Stickley Museum through January 6, 2013.

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Hurricane Sandy Update

Museum preparations for the storm included carefully covering the exhibition vignette on the front porch.

Twelve trees came down on the property during the storm, but only one building was damaged...A larger pine tree fell on the Administration Building.

During this difficult time for so many on the east coast, we have a bit of good news.  The Log House is safe and weathered the recent storms remarkably well.  Prior to Sandy, we prepared the Log House for the worst, paying particular attention to the front porch, the most vulnerable area with its large windows.   Everything except the wedding vignette was moved into the house, and the vignette was framed out with supports and covered with lightweight plastic tarp.  Fortunately, after the storm, the porch, and the rest of the house were dry and damage free.

Twelve trees came down on the property during the storm, but only one building was damaged by a falling tree.  A larger pine tree fell on the Administration Building and tore several holes in the roof right through to the office ceiling.  Fortunately, the offices are the only non-historic structure on the

A little more than a week after Sandy hit the east coast, a blistery Nor'easter blew through the area with driving snow and more heavy winds.

property.  Repairs have already begun, the tree has been cleared and the roof has been patched to keep out the rain.

The Museum was closed to the public for a week while the power was out. Numerous volunteers and employees from the Township of Parsippany have been here clearing up debris.  At this point, only five trees and some additional debris still need to be removed.  Luckily, no additional damage occurred as the result of last week’s Nor’easter.  Tomorrow a crew of special needs students from Morris County School of Technology will be on site to help clear some of the remaining debris.

The Museum’s staff and volunteers come from many affected towns throughout the area, from Parsippany to eastern Pennsylvania and most were without power for quite some time.  As of today, now more than two weeks after the storm, one of our volunteers is still without power.  But, as more and more towns get power back we are finally returning to normal here at the museum.

Our hearts go out to all the families and businesses affected by the devastation of these storms.  We admire the generosity of spirit and the tremendous outpouring of support and aid from near and far.  During these difficult times, it is inspiring to see such unity and solidarity in the community.   It is that spirit of strength and character that will guide our recovery.

The next installment of our exhibition blogs is on its way and the Stickley Museum has officially reopened for tours.  And with the holidays just around the corner, we hope you can come see us soon!

Damage from a fallen pine tree in the administrative office.

A large tree that was uprooted as a result of superstorm Sandy. The White Cottage is in the background.

A snowy Log House after last Wednesday's Nor'easter.

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A Formal Wedding at a Country Estate, Spring 1911.

A Formal Wedding at a Country Estate, Spring 1911. Styling an American Family, The Stickley Museum at Craftsman Farms. Photo Credit: Stephen Sartori. Click to enlarge.

We invite you to take a virtual tour of the Styling an American Family exhibition in this series of blogs that will each address one of the nine vignettes that make up the exhibition.  The 1910s were a period of transition and innovation, in both American design and culture, and the fashions of the era were inextricably tied to the social customs that dictated people’s everyday lives so strictly.  By looking at the fashions in this exhibition within the context of the Log House we are able to see a more complete history.

Like all of our guided tours, we begin on the front porch, the entryway into the Log House.   Here we have a Formal Wedding at a Country Estate in spring of 1911.  This scene was inspired by Stickley’s eldest daughter, Barbara, whose wedding to Ben Wiles (who at the time was business manager of The Craftsman magazine) took place on the front porch of the Log House in October of 1911.   The home wedding of an upper-middle class businessman’s daughter at his country estate would have been as formal as a church wedding.  A country wedding gave the slightest nod toward informality in the choice of decorations, but the choice of dress and flowers was clearly dictated by season and location.

Barbara Stickley dressed for her wedding and seated in a Stickley willow chair, 1911. Photo: Craftsman Farms Foundation.

On the porch we see the bride and groom, a bridesmaid, and the bride’s mother all dressed for a formal evening wedding in the spring and preparing to take a formal photograph to commemorate the day.  Roses and ferns, like we see here, were the appropriate flower choice for an early summer wedding.  Barbara Stickley’s flowers were yellow chrysanthemums, which were appropriate for a fall wedding.

The bride wears a wedding gown of cream silk satin and handmade duchesse lace; c. 1911. Generally the planning of the wedding was the province of the bride’s mother, a “mature” woman, but the bride might be allowed to choose the flowers for her bouquet and possibly her dress.  With her mother’s approval, the bride wore a dress of the latest fashion with or without a train, but always with a veil, often with a few orange blossoms gently tucked into it for good measure.   Wedding dresses could be white or ivory.  The bride wore gloves during the reception and could choose whether or not to wear gloves during the ceremony, as it made ring placement difficult.

Wedding Gown, c. 1911. Detail. Click to enlarge.

Formal Gown, c. 1911 Detail. Click to enlarge.

The honor of being a bridesmaid or groomsman was offered to family members first, then to friends.  Bridesmaids wore formal gowns, but their dresses were not required to match, as is customary today.  Gloves and hats or some sort of hair band or hair ornament would have been expected.  Here, the bridesmaid wears a formal dress (c. 1911) of seafoam green silk charmeuse and silk chiffon decorated with rayon floss and rayon ribbon embroidery and beaded with glass seed beads and glass pearls.  Her hat is tan straw with ivory silk taffeta decoration.

Linen Day Suit, c. 1910. Detail. Click to enlarge.

Man's Dark Wool Morning Suit, 1909. Detail. Click to enlarge.

The bride’s mother wore a suit or a formal reception dress at her discretion. Since she was in her own home, it was also her decision whether or not to wear a hat or a hair ornament and gloves.   Here, the mother of the bride wears a day suit (c. 1910) of natural linen trimmed with cream chemical lace, and a hat of cream cotton chemical lace, black velvet trim and cream ostrich plumes.

The groom wears a pinstriped, dark wool morning suit from 1909.  As with women’s clothing, men’s fashion was dictated by the season and time of day.  For example, today’s tuxedo (a black tail-less dinner jacket with contrasting satin or grosgrain lapel, worn with a cummerbund or a waistcoat (vest) and white tie) was standard evening or dinner wear for men and would not have been appropriate for a morning or afternoon wedding.

Wedding gifts were to be delivered to the home of the bride within two weeks before the wedding, allowing for the display of gifts during the reception.   When a gift was sent, the sender included their personal visiting card so the bride would know to whom to address a thank you note.  Hand-written thank you notes were required to be sent within a month after the wedding date.  In a similar fashion to today’s bridal shower traditions, the bride’s mother or maid of honor was tasked with writing a description of each gift on the back of the corresponding visiting card when the gift was received in order to help the bride manage the task.

It was rare to move a wedding reception to another location as we do today and sit-down meals were almost unheard of.  Instead, it was customary to provide a buffet of light food and drink appropriate to the time of day.  Champagne was a must for toasts as well as general refreshment.  Wedding cakes were not elaborate fantasies as they are now. Simply made in white cake with white frosting, the cake was large enough for each guest to have a slice and partake in the new couple’s good fortune.

The honeymoon of a middle class couple generally lasted less than two weeks, as the new husband needed to return to work and his bride was required to set up housekeeping.  Upon returning from the honeymoon, it was required for all of the bride’s wedding guests and friends of both sexes to visit her immediately to express joy for the new couple and hear about the honeymoon trip.  By contrast, a newly married couple of great wealth typically went on a grand tour of Europe for three months or more.

Styling an American Family: The 1910s at Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman Farms is an exhibition of historic fashions from Syracuse University’s Sue Ann Genet Costume Collection.  The exhibition consists of 35 mannequins in period dress arranged in 9 environmental vignettes that illustrate some of the emblematic everyday activities and pursuits of an upper middle class American family in the 1910s, giving visitors the unique opportunity to view the human form within Gustav Stickley’s architectural masterpiece.

Etiquette is another name for kind thought. The man who says, “I know nothing about etiquette” does not realize he is saying “I know nothing about courtesy to my fellow beings.” From Correct Social Usage, Volume 1; The True Etiquette, Chapter by Ella Wheeler Wilcox, 1906

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